February 2022
Hello ICO Friends and Journal Readers!

At just over a month into 2022 ICO has already had a lot of new and exciting developments. There have been five new initiatives launched in Tanzania led by Colleen Hanley and Karen Schrey. Read their article about working with their Masaai partners in this issue and watch an interesting video of the sponsored students. As always, you will find links to our regional updates in this issue, along with a captivating video about the Rukum Eye Camp in Nepal.  We also have a summary of the Munk Debate Series videos from our new team member Brigette and a link to an interesting article on Diversity and Inclusion. 

We hope you enjoy our sixth issue and if you have any topics you would like to see included in the ICO World Journal, feel free to reach out to us! 

Yours in Friendship,

The ICO World Team


Table of Contents :

  • New ICO Initiatives in Tanzania!
  • Rukum Eye Camp, Nepal 2021
  • Regional Updates
  • The Munk Debate Series 
  • Diversity and Inclusion



New ICO Initiatives in Tanzania!

Working with our Maasai Partners

By: Co-leads Karen Schrey and Colleen Hanley

Nashipay means “joy” in the Maa language and despite multiple levels of challenges the whole community approaches life with joy, solidarity and “ewolo” (I am because we are) in their hearts.

Education for All

Maasai culture is one of presence; of being in the moment in a way that is hard to grasp in our Western context.   The Council of Elders decided over 10 years ago to choose a long term approach to meeting the many needs of the community. Their wisdom directed them to the decision that the education of their children is key for their community to live healthier and more productive lives.

Given that very few adults in the community have had the chance at any kind of formal education, it is prescient that they made the choice to build  the  first classroom of what is now Nashipay Maasai Primary School to provide a start for young children before they made their way into the government school system.

The community was so encouraged at the progress these young children made, that they made it their goal to keep building classrooms, adding teachers and other services. Their stated goal: “every child, and especially those from impoverished families, receive an English medium education in a way that meets the Ministry of Education standards, while being consistent with Maasai culture and values.”  

In the last 10 years Nashipay Maasai School has grown from a small group of prekindergarten students to an enrollment of 225 in January 2022.  The school now teaches to Class 6 ( and Class 7 will be added in 2023).  The dormitory, penciled into the school master plan 8 years ago, is just now being finished with funds donated through ICO.



The boys and girls dorms will be able to accommodate just over 100 children.  With those and other non-resident fee paying students, Nashipay Maasai School will become self-sustaining. This means it will be able to provide tuition, uniform and book bursaries for some 70 children annually whose families live below the Maasi poverty line – 9 goats and 5 cows (or less than $2.00 in our currency)  Students at the school do exceptionally well in National Exams given at the Class 4 level.  This bodes well for their ability to move from Nashipay to a sister Maasai school in Loliando for high school.

Education for All: Building for the Future raises funds to support infrastructure that will complete the school site plan.  

Education for All: Creating Opportunities through Education provides funds to support the bursary program and related school costs until the school reaches financial sustainability.


The Maasai are pastoralists, traditionally moving their herds of livestock literally to greener pastures.  And those pastures were in the Serengeti.  As the world discovered the beauty of Tanzania, the demand for conservation and tourism grew, the Maasai were moved off their traditional lands to the Ngorongoro area … and then again moved to arid lands, less suitable for grazing.  

The Maasai community we work with is located very close to the town of Makuyuni – some 45 minutes SW of Arusha.  Their lives are now much more sedentary causing major economic and social shifts.While some of the men of the community continue to manage livestock herds in limited pastoral lands, many of them have migrated to the larger cities trying to find work. 

The Mamas, the name used to affectionately and  respectfully refer to the women in the community, now take on the additional role of breadwinner.  Of key concern to the Mamas is the health of the children and adults in the community.  Being able to ensure people have adequate food, that children are able to go to school and that people have access to support, especially related to childbirth is especially important.  

The Maasai culture is collective and recently generations old practices of male decision making have shifted to see women consulted and included in the decision making of the Council of Elders.  Women are now being proactive in creating financial stability for their families.  The Mamas are also actively involved in strategies to ensure food security … and they are focusing on bringing western health practices into the community to complement their traditional ways.



Here we see Sokoita, a young Maasai university student volunteering in Makuyuni, with two of the Goat Share Beneficiaries – Nandiyo and Meeyu.  

MamaPower:Growing Food Security focuses on fundraising to support work in the evolving 7 acre Demonstration Permaculture Garden and increase livestock herds for Mamas living below the Maasai Poverty line

MamaPower: Creating Financial Security will work with the Mamas to open a Maasai Shop catering to clothing, footwear and ceremonial beading needs of the larger Maasai community as well as provide seed money for VICOBAs (regulated Village Community Banks)

MamaPower: Establishing Healthy Community will offer resources to establish very basic health services in the community and ensure women and girls are have access to menstruation kits



Rukum Eye Camp, Nepal 2021

A 3-day Eye Screening and Cataract Surgery Health camp took place in the rural village of Taksera from December 3rd to 5th, 2021. Three jeeps were hired to transport the team to the location, taking 14 hours to reach the village from the city of Pokhara. 

The team of volunteers consisted of: 7 people from the Himalaya Eye Hospital (including an ophthalmologist), 8 people from Pokhara Fishtail Rotary (including Binod Koirala, our ICO Field Lead), 2 from Karma Flights, one from Rotary Burtibang, along with drivers and local health workers.

Demand for this type of health camp is extremely high, especially in remote villages. Hundreds of villagers lined up to see the doctors, with some patients walking 2 days to attend the camp.  Some patients were even carried on the backs of relatives. This was the first health camp ever held in the area and most patients were elderly and some had never consulted a doctor before. There were 616 patients (333 female and 283 male) consulted and each received their treatment for free. 50 patients (21 female and 29 male) received eye surgery and received their eyesight back!   65 patients received free reading glasses and about 150 patients received medicine for general medical issues. 

The people who live in the rural village of Taksera and the surrounding area want to thank ICO for being part of the team who made this happen. And we too want to thank our donors for your valuable contributions!!

Please check out this video.



Photo courtesy of: Kawangware School Build Initiative

Photo courtesy of: Nepal Kaski Education Initiative


Photo courtesy of: San Pedro Education Initiative


Munk Debate Series 

Summary by Brigette McConkey

The 2009 Munk Debates on Foreign Aid (15 short videos, 79:56 minutes total)

The motion: “Be it resolved, foreign aid does more harm than good” (June 1, 2009).

The four debaters agreed that foreign aid is necessary, but its implementation must be improved.

The proponents, De Soto and Moyo, emphasized free markets. The opponents, Lewis and Collier, cautioned that private capital gravitates to predictable returns, such as natural resources; and free markets don’t always deliver what people want or need (they can be exploitative, destructive, and self-serving).

Some memorable highlights (in order of speaker appearance) are summarized below.

Stephen Lewis (parliamentarian, diplomat, author, and social activist)

  • Aid has been abused, has sustained despots, has been an engine for corruption, and has damaged social sectors; however, it has saved lives, educated children, alleviated poverty, lowered malaria death rates, and more.
  • Aid needs to be more focused, effective, and intelligently applied.
  • Trade and direct investment aren’t forthcoming because of risk and anti-competitive practices perpetrated by developed countries.
  • Foreign aid must get into the hands of the grassroots and civil society.

 Hernando De Soto (advisor, author, and think tank president)

  • Developing countries need capital, credit, business, property rights, and good government.
  • Developed countries have controlled and profited from foreign aid to developing countries.
  • Latin America needs credit backed by assets that are recorded and registered (e.g., homes, land, airplanes). Its assets aren’t on paper; therefore, they cannot be converted to capital.
  • Internal reform is needed. Indigenous people, who are the majority, must have property rights. Political districts must be created with elected representatives who are accountable to their constituents. Aid donors must listen to local people for specifications when developing a project rather than to professionals from donor countries.

Paul Collier (development expert and author)

  • Private capital can be built on effective public capital; for example, there can be public capital for roads, and private capital for trucks.
  • Private capital has failed; one example is Nigeria, which borrowed heavily on international capital markets, and the money went down the drain.
  • What would happen if the Western international community did not give aid? China would fill the void.
  • Unrestrained profiteering from resource extraction without benefit to emerging economies must be countered.
  • Aid has had periods of success; for example, to restore Europe in the late 1940s, North America combined aid with intelligent security, trade, and governance policies.
  • The problem began when foreign aid donors attempted to divert countries’ loyalty away from the Soviet Union, so aid was used to prop up dictators (rather than to develop countries).
  • OECD politicians have indulged in gesture politics. Citizens in developed countries must be better informed about how aid can be used for development.

Dambisa Moyo (author, consultant, and former investment banker)

  • Over 60 years, there has been more than 1 trillion dollars of aid to Africa, but there has been no growth and no decline in poverty.
  • Aid fuels corruption, encourages inflation, leaves significant debt burdens, kills the export sector, induces social unrest, kills entrepreneurship, and disenfranchises citizens.
  • Officials court donors rather than govern; aid agencies have become a substitute for government; donors are incentivized to give money.
  • Africa will grow; developed countries will not. There are 15 stock markets in Africa, and over 85% of the stocks are non-commodities (e.g., telecommunications, consumer goods, real estate). Mobile phone penetration is high, and phones are used to increase people’s incomes.
  • A young energetic African population wants to be a part of the global economy and community. China lifted 300 million people out of poverty, using capital, investment, and markets.
  • Marshall Plan aid worked because it was short, sharp, and finite. When will Africa be weaned off aid?
  • An African middle class must hold governments accountable; governments must open their markets.
  • Peter Bauer, who is critical of the system, characterized foreign aid as “money taken from poor people in rich countries and sent to rich people in poor countries.”

Although there was disagreement, the speakers offered a concise overview of the development opportunities and obstacles in emerging countries, and they demonstrated their commitment to lifting the poorest countries, or the “bottom billion” in Collier’s words, into an inclusive global economy. In that respect, as Moyo said, “We are all on the same side.”




Diversity and Inclusion 

“In an environment characterized by rapid geopolitical, regulatory, and business shifts, organizations today are facing heightened levels of strategic risk. What exactly are strategic risks? In short, the risks that threaten to disrupt the assumptions at the core of an organization’s strategy. Think everything from black swans to political upheavals and financial crises, as well as new technologies that can render a business model obsolete.

To mitigate the potential negative outcomes these risks present, your business strategy must provide you with creative options for responding to a crisis, industry disruption, or brand threat. Too often, however, the people who set strategy rely on a set of common assumptions and beliefs that the organization rarely questions.

What happens if those assumptions turn out to be wrong?”

Continue reading this Deloitte article by clicking this link.


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